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Edwards Soft Shackle Tying

Pass one end through the center and make two marks. Pass the long end through the short at the first mark. Thread the short end along inside the long one to exit at the second mark and tighten. Pass the long end through the short. Lay out the two ends to tie the Lanyard Knot.
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Better (Edwards) Soft Shackle Details

Purpose: A Soft Shackle offers a strong lightweight alternative to a metal shackle.

Name: A Better Soft Shackle was proposed by Allen Edwards, the originator of this design and Webmaster of L-36.com.

Alternative: The commoner Soft Shackle is made with the lines running inside each other – elegant but may be harder to release. The Kohlhoff Shackle has the loop composed of two lines all the way around.

Technique: Edwards provides detailed written instructions on his page. He also emphasizes that final tightening of the Lanyard (Diamond) Knot is critical. He passes the two tails through a hole in a metal bar and exerts traction using vice-grip pliers – look near the bottom of: Better Soft Shackle page. The tightened knot should feel like a wooden ball and, if not extremely tight, Edwards warns it may slip.

Lengths Needed: The Edwards Calculator bases the lengths required on the shackle length. The calculator below is based on the finished inner diameter and allows input in either English or Metric units. First enter the size of the finished shackle diameter and then the rope diameter and press the adjacent Calculate button. Measurements for are taken from the tip of the small loop (Red marks in Frame 4).

English Metric
in Inner Diameter (D) mm
Diameter of the Rope
 
Rope Length Required
First Crossover from End
Exit of Bury from End
Usable Inner Diameter
Shackle Length (L)
Pictures of Soft Shackle Lengths
Soft Shackle Lengths

Soft Shackle Lengths

The Usable Inner Diameter is somewhat smaller than the Inner Diameter (D) because the process of closing the shackle takes up some of the line. (Note: the calculation is derived from Edwards method and the results are similar).

To calculate these values manually, first calculate S (Stretch):

  • If D = 7/64" (or 2mm), S = 1.1875
  • If D = 1/8" (or 3mm), S = 1.23
  • If D = 5/32" (or 4mm), S = 1.23
  • If D = 3/16" (or 5mm), S = 1.21538
  • Otherwise S = 1.2

Where:

  • R = Rope diameter, e.g., 0.25",
  • D = Intended Diameter of Shackle, e.g., 2":

Then:

  • Rope Length required =112 x R + (1 + S) x (D + 1.5 x R) x 3.1416
  • Mark 1 = 16 x R
  • Mark 2 = 16 x R + S x ((D + 1.5 x R) x 3.14159 - 13.11 x R)
  • Maximum Load Diameter = D - 1.9099 x R
  • Shackle Length (tip to beneath knot) = 3.1416 x D + 10.272 x R

Tail Lengths: If the knot has been adequately tightened, trim the tails to about 1/4" long. If not really tight, then leave at least an inch.

Pictures of Soft Shackle Joining Jib Sheets
Soft Shackle Joining Jib Sheets

Soft Shackle Joining Jib Sheets

Use: The completed shackle provides an excellent way of attaching two jib sheets to the jib – see photo on left courtesy of Allen Edwards. Here Edwards uses a Velcro Strap to keep the Lanyard Knot centered in the ring and out of the way of the rigging.

Advantages: The soft shackle weighs little and is less likely to cause injury it strikes a crew member. The array of soft shackle and jib sheets pulls across in front of a mast with little tendency to catch - reducing the need to place a crew member up on the foredeck. This version is easier to release than the more common Soft Shackle.

Strength: Soft shackles have been extensively tested. The ideal strength might approach four times the line strength as there are two lines on each side of the shackle – four in all. In practice, the line just under the knot and the kinking in the loop are the weak points and Evans Starzinger has shown that breakage typically occurs around 175% of Line Strength. This means when attached to a jib sheet using similar rope, the sheet will part first – not the soft shackle.

Disclaimer: Any activity that involves ropes is potentially hazardous. Lives may be at risk - possibly your own. Considerable attention and effort have been made to ensure that these descriptions are accurate. However, many critical factors cannot be controlled, including: the choice of materials; the age, size, and condition of ropes; and the accuracy with which these descriptions have been followed. No responsibility is accepted for incidents arising from the use of this material.

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